London Centre for Energy Engineering

LCEE is a research organisation undertaking innovative, cutting-edge and multidisciplinary energy research.

Energy naturally finds its spot as the hot topic of continued research in academia and industry, owing to its ever-growing demand by the society we live in, and driven by the need for cheaper electricity affordable to all. Global energy consumption has been growing fast and set to increase exponentially in the future. It continues to be a high priority for Government, both in the UK and at international levels. LCEE brings together the strengths and capabilities of members of staff within the School of Engineering (SoE), undertaking innovative, cutting-edge and multidisciplinary energy research. The LCEE is an enabling entity interconnecting energy engineering themes across all existing divisions and centres facilitating research collaborations inside and outside LSBU.

London Centre for Energy Engineering is led by Dr Suela Kellici.

We are always interested in new collaborations and opportunities (industry and academia) and welcome informal discussions. Get in Contact with us (Email: kellicis@lsbu.ac.uk), Head of LCEE, Dr Suela Kellici) to find out more.

Alternatively, visit individual member profiles to learn more about their research.

Our Mission

  • Internationally leading organisation in the UK undertaking innovative and multidisciplinary research in Energy
  • Bringing together a cohesive team of researchers and groups across SoE with an appropriate critical mass to show case its potential within and outside the UK
  • Leading training provider for capacity building in the field of energy research, and aligning with the UK focus for inspiring the next generation of researchers, including PhD cohort and M.Sc. programs in the Energy field
  • University partner of choice collaborating with industry and other organisations globally pursuing energy research
  • Undertaking a leading role in influencing energy policy and strategy within UK government bodies.
functionsFunctions
  • Energy Grand Challenges
  • Research
  • Training and Outreach
  • Stakeholder Engagement
  • Advisory Board

members LCEE

Staff directory

To view the full London Centre for Energy Engineering staff list

Research themes

Computational Materials Design for Energy

Understanding materials at the atomic scale is critical to the design of next generation energy devices. Modern computational chemical and physical techniques can be employed to predict for example the electronic and optical properties of an active layer in a device, the dopability of a semiconductor, or the efficiency and mechanism of catalytic processes on the surface of a material. At the LCEE, the team works closely with experimentalists to develop novel photocatalysts, energy generation and storage devices, functional thin film coatings and microelectronics, utilising our in-house supercomputer, and national high performance computing resources. LSBU is part of a multi-partner £1M UKRI-funded project to investigate novel computational methods for next-generation exascale computing. We are also active in developing sustainable computational and synthetic techniques.

Heating and Cooling

The Heating and Cooling team has a 30-year history of attracting high impact research projects and contracts from EPSRC, Government, the EU and the RACHP (refrigeration air conditioning and heat pump industry). In the past 10 years we have secured and delivered more than 60 small to large scale projects. The team are currently involved in several prestigious research projects in collaboration with the local and international organisations, the EU, public and governmental international organisations. Recent collaborations have involved a £5.2 million EPSRC project of which LSBU received £1.2 million and a €7 million EU research grant to develop a ground-breaking energy storage technology. Our funding strategy involves working on TRL levels 4-8, developing partnerships with other Universities as well as with industry and aligning our activities with future funding priorities like the Industrial Strategy Clean Growth Plan.

Energy Storage

As the UK and the rest of the world moves towards renewable energy, supply becomes more dependent on factors outside the control of the energy supplier.

Cryogenic energy storage (CES): One method to balance supply and demand in power generation is to store energy during periods of low demand and use it at high demand. Cryogenic energy storage makes use of low-temperature liquids as an energy storage and transfer medium. CES can provide large-scale, long-duration energy storage of 5 to 1000 MWh. LCEE team members are working on a multi-partner £8M H2020 project to develop CES at cold storage warehouses.

Batteries and supercapacitors: Our team also works in the development of batteries (Li -ion and beyond) and supercapacitors focusing on-demand bespoke tailoring of the functional properties of electrode materials (theoretical and experimental) to deliver advancements in their application.

Energy Conversion

In response to advancing climate change and energy crisis concerns, immediate measures are needed to minimize our dependency on fossil fuels and speed the transition to a low-carbon economy. Solar energy for example can provide an effective and sustainable solution to both energy and environmental crises. Our team is involved in the following areas:

Photovoltaics: Solar cells (perovskite, organic and inorganic based). The research is focused on the development of solar cells, LEDs, and on understanding the physics of materials and devices, with the aim of improving them.

Renewable fuel production: Photocatalysis, can readily harness freely available clean solar energy (in the presence of a catalyst) to generate hydrogen and oxygen by the splitting of water or reduced carbon compounds from carbon dioxide. Alternatively, we use pyroelectric or multiferroic/magnetoelectric materials to generate hydrogen from transient low-grade waste heat (<100°C) or in the presence of magnetic field, respectively.

Highlighted Publications

SuelaDr Suela Kellici

Alli, U., McCarthy, K, Baragau, I., Power, N., Morgan, K, Dunn, S., Killian, S, Kennedy, T. and Kellici, S. (2021). In-situ continuous hydrothermal synthesis of TiO2 nanoparticles on conductive N-doped MXene nanosheets for binder-free Li-ion battery anodes. Chemical Engineering Journal. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2021.132976

DeborahDr Deborah Andrews

Kerwin, K., Andrews, D., Whitehead, B., Adibi, N. and Lavandeira, S. (2022). The significance of product design in the circular economy: A sustainable approach to the design of data centre equipment as demonstrated via the CEDaCI design case study. Materials Today: Proceedings. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matpr.2022.04.105

JohnDr John Buckeridge

Liu, T., Zhang, X., Guan, J., Catlow, C.R.A., Walsh, A., Sokol, A.A. and Buckeridge, J. (2022). Insight into the Fergusonite–Scheelite Phase Transition of ABO4-Type Oxides by Density Functional Theory: A Case Study of the Subtleties of the Ground State of BiVO4. Chemistry of Materials. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.chemmater.1c04417

Steve Dunn lceeProf. Steve Dunn

Bowen, C.R., Kim, H.A., Weaver, P.M. and Dunn, S., 2014. Piezoelectric and ferroelectric materials and structures for energy harvesting applications. Energy & Environmental Science7(1), pp.25-44. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1039/C3EE42454E

JudithProf. Judith Evans

Biglia, Alessandro, Gemmell, Andrew J, Foster, Helen J and Evans, Judith A (2020). Energy performance of domestic cold appliances in laboratory and home environments. Energy. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2020.117932

Chiara G LCEEDr Chiara Gattinoni

Kim, D., Efe, I., Torlakcik, H., Terzopoulou, A., Veciana, A., Siringil, E., Mushtaq, F., Franco, C., Arx, D., Sevim, S., Puigmartí‐Luis, J., Nelson, B., Spaldin, N.A., Gattinoni, C., Chen, X.‐Z. and Pané, S. (2022). Magnetoelectric Effect in Hydrogen Harvesting: Magnetic Field as a Trigger of Catalytic Reactions (Adv. Mater. 19/2022). Advanced Materials. 34 (19), p. 2270139. https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.202270139

suuravProf. Saurav Goel

Fan, P., Goel, S., Luo, X., Yan, Y., Geng, Y. and Wang, Y. (2020). An atomistic investigation on the wear of diamond during atomic force microscope tip-based nanomachining of Gallium Arsenide. Computational Materials Science. 187, p. 110115. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.commatsci.2020.110115

GraemeProf. Graeme Maidment

Marques, C., Dunham, C., Jones P., Marques, C., Dunham, C., Jones, P., Matabuena, R., Revesz, A., Roscoe Papini Lagoeiro, H. and Maidment, G. (2019). Integration of high temperature heat networks with low carbon ambient loop systems. 2021 ASHRAE Winter Virtual Conference . 09 - 12 Feb 2021 https://doi.org/10.18462/iir.icr.2019.XXX

simonProf. Simon Philbin

Philbin, S., Viswanathan, R. and Telukdarie, A. (2022). Understanding how digital transformation can enable SMEs to achieve sustainable development: A systematic literature review. Small Business International Review. 6 (1), p. e473. https://doi.org/10.26784/sbir.v6i1.473

tariqDr Tariq Sajjad

Webb, T., Liu, X., Westbrook, R.J.E., Kern, S., Sajjad, M.T., Jenatsch, S., Jayawardena, K. D. G. Imalka, Perera, W. H.K., Marko, I.P., Sathasivam, S., Li, B., Yavari, M., Scurr, D.J., Alexander, M.R., Macdonald, T.J., Haque, S.A., Sweeney, S.J. and Zhang, W. (2022). A Multifaceted Ferrocene Interlayer for Highly Stable and Efficient Lithium Doped Spiro‐OMeTAD‐based Perovskite Solar Cells. Advanced Energy Materials. https://doi.org/10.1002/aenm.202200666

HariProf. Hari Upadhyaya

Faisal, N.H., Ahmed, R., Sellami, N., Prathuru, A., Njuguna, J., Venturi, F., Hussain, T., Nezhad, H.Y., Kumar, N., Goel, S., Upadhyaya, H., Joshi, S., Muhammad-Sukki, F., Prabhu, R., Mallick, T., Whittow, W. and Kamnis, S. (2022). Thermal spray coatings for electromagnetic wave absorption and interference shielding: a review and future challenges. Advanced

Projects

Innovate UK project :
Green Smart Community Integrated Energy System

project1GreenScies Consumers and businesses based in UK cities stand to benefit from a revolutionary low carbon smart energy grid called GreenSCIES in London and the West Midlands, by project partners: LSBU, Islington Council and Transport for London (TfL). Cleverly concealed underground, the new smart energy grid - which has currently reached design stage - will provide an answer to the challenge of powering inner cities of the future, revolutionising the way we live now and transforming lives, homes and businesses into sustainable energy districts, while tackling fuel poverty and the negative effects of climate change. GreenSCIES aims to deliver a solution which can provide low carbon and low cost transport, power and heat to a total of 12,500 homes in the London Borough of Islington and Sandwell in the West Midlands

EPSRC project : Managing Air for Green Inner Cities

magicMAGIC Our research focuses on implementing state of the art computational fluid dynamics software to assess the spread of air pollutants – especially due to changes in building heights.  Examples of our computational work within the MAGIC project are shown in the right – where the area around the LSBU campus is modelled. The animations show the area of 300-m radius around St George’s Circus and how a tracer disperses within the area, with a south-westerly wind direction. Additional animations of our work can be found on the MAGIC web site.

Euros H2020 project : Cryogenic Energy Storage for Renewable Refrigeration and Power Supply

CryoHub The CryoHub innovation project will investigate and extend the potential of large-scale CES and will apply the stored energy for both cooling and energy generation. By employing Renewable Energy Sources (RES) to liquefy and store cryogens, CryoHub will balance the power grid, while meeting the cooling demand of a refrigerated food warehouse and recovering the waste heat from its equipment and components. CES acts as Grid Energy Storage (GES), where cryogen is boiled to drive a turbine and to restore electricity to the grid. To date, CES applications have been rather limited by the poor RTE due to unrecovered energy losses. The CryoHub project is therefore designed to maximise the CES efficiency by recovering energy from cooling and heating. Refrigerated warehouses for chilled and frozen food commodities are large electricity consumers, possess powerful installed capacities for cooling and heating and waste substantial amounts of heat. Such facilities provide the ideal industrial environment to advance and demonstrate the LAES benefits.

ERDF Interreg NWE project: A Circular Economy for the Data Centre Industry

CEDaCI Data centres process and store all the data generated by digital connected products for an increasing number of activities and users and the sector will grow by 500% globally by 2030. Data centre equipment was designed for a linear (take-make-use-dispose) economy but this is unsustainable and contributes to the growing volume of WEEE and wastes resources. CEDaCI is developing a Circular Economy for the sector to reduce waste and conserve energy and physical resources. We have a whole systems approach to the challenge and bring together actors from all the various subsectors to ensure supply chain security and uninterrupted data centre service, because this has become critical to all parts of our lives inside and outside the home. LSBU is leading CEDaCI to transform the data centre industry with around 20 industrial and research partners in the UK, France, Belgium, the Netherlands and Germany. They include Wuppertal Institute for Climate, Environment and Energy, SMEs and non-profit bodies (e.g. Operational Intelligence, Techbuyer, WeLOOP, Team2, TND, GreenIT Amsterdam, SDIA) as well as global operators (IBM). We have also developed a cross-sectoral network with 100+ members across Europe that includes organisations such as NHS Digital, TechUK, FreeICT Europe and N2S so project reach and collaboration is considerable.

Sustainable Design, Manufacturing and the Circular Economy

sustainable

We have 20 years’ experience of sustainable design, manufacture and the circular economy and specialise in real world research and application. We have collaborated with industry on Innovate KTP, EPSRC CASE awards, Interreg NWE and match-funded research projects varying in size from programmable thermostatic radiator valves and commercial refrigeration display cabinets to data centres.  We also work with researchers from other disciplines on human-centred research; examples include development of pro-circular behaviour models for the retail sector (with The Bond Group) and investigations into the effects of solar shading on acoustics, thermal comfort, well-being and workplace productivity (with the British Blind and Shutter Association). We support SMEs, start-up and new businesses. Projects include design of therapeutic equipment for IceHealth Cryotherapy, developing digital carbon assessment tools for local authorities (ClimaxCommunity), ComfortBreak (sustainable low-cost sanitary product development) KiActiv (exercise and well-being engagement digital tools) and developing training materials for the solar shading and construction industries (with BBSA). These projects all contribute to social, economic and environmental sustainability.

Daiwa Anglo-Japanese Foundation Small Grant: Design and development of nanostructured heat-reflective coated triple vacuum glazing (Smart windows) for sustainable low-carbon buildings of Japan and UK

Daiwa prjectLSBU and Hokkaido University, Japan, undertook this multidisciplinary project, led by Dr Memon, empowering Japan-UK collaboration due to our mutual interest on scientifically contributing to the novel development of triple vacuum glazing with Nano-structured heat reflective coating by utilising the research facilities at the centre of Heat Pump and Thermal Energy Storage, Hokkaido University, and the LCEE, LSBU. It achieved significantly contribution on publications and successful visits from LSBU to Hokkaido University and vice versa. This Japan-UK collaborative project enabled us to develop a future joint venture of different approaches by working together and widening engagement in research dissemination activities between Japan and the UK. It results with successful International Conference on Renewable Energy and vacuum Insulation for Nearly Zero Energy Buildings (NZEBs).

The IET/IMechE Engineering Education Grant Scheme: Design, Build, Race & Take Solar Powered Electric Car (Race with Shine)

This project, led by Dr Memon, ran for two years to encourage and motivate students’ aged 11-19, especially females, inrace with shine developing their enthusiasm and encouraging them to contemplate possible future career in the area of Electrical, Electronic & Mechanical Engineering. Groups of young students from local London schools and FE colleges constructed the solar-powered-electric-car by developing the experiences of design, build, test and race learning electrical, electronic and mechanical skills. Our team of academics (The IET/IMechE members) and volunteers based in our School of Engineering engaged students and school/college teachers in developing their enthusiasm, knowledge and passion to Engineering. Students along with teachers took hand-made cars to their home as a motivational symbol to Engineering. Also, students and teachers were invited to visit our in-house high-spec Electrical, Electronic and Mechanical labs and meet our skilled Engineers/technicians with the motivational-demonstration of facilities to the real world applications. The project funded by The IET/IMechE EEGS enabled us to engage local London Schools and FE colleges with the addition of giving motivational lectures on Electricity and publicity to young students in choosing career paths in Engineering and continue long after the completion date as a contribution to enhance our UK’s expertise in Engineering to our young generation.

Partners

LCEE has a strong record of collaborative and interdisciplinary research.



Computational Material Design for Energy

Employing a target-orientated approach, we rationally design and manufacture materials aiming to deliver world class materials engineering.

We use in-house supercomputers, and have access to national high performance computing resources. We are also active in developing sustainable computational techniques.

computational material design facility

Materials Synthesis

We have established expertise in a variety of materials synthesis techniques from optimised conventional routes to green continuous synthetic processes, e.g., continuous hydrothermal flow synthesis, processes that enable a step change in cost, materials performance and durability.

Our materials portfolio includes an array of functional metal oxides (homo/hetero), metals, quantum dots (e.g. graphene, biomass derived carbon quantum dots) and 2D (e.g. graphene, MXene) hybrid structures.

CHFS

Materials Characterisation

XRD LCEE

Structure and Morphology

XRD, SEM, FTIR, BET surface area, Profilometer, AFM

Fls1000 LCEE

Optical

PL (Steady state and time-resolved photoluminescence spectroscopy), UV-vis, Ellipsometer

4pointprobe LCEE

Electrical

Four point probe, Quantum Hall measurements

Device Fabrication and Performance Testing

Cleanroom LCEE

Clean Room

Our clean room is equipped with multiple state of art glove boxes, allocated to the research on photovoltaics, perovskite solar cells and energy storage (battery/supercapacitor)

solar cell LCEE

PV Solar Cells

Photovoltaics solar cells

LEDs LCEE

LEDs

The LCEE has facilities to characterise the performance of light-emitting devices (LEDs) and other electronic devices.

GC LCEE

Solar Fuel Testing

solar simulator LCEE

Solar Simulators

photocatalytic reactor LCEE

Photocatalytic Reactors