Centre for Applied Research in Improvement and Innovation in Health and Social CareWe conduct transformational research to improve the health and wellbeing of service users and the general population and make a difference to the ways that health and social care is delivered
The work of CApRII seeks to understand experiences of illness, health, disability and disadvantage across the life course through a user-centred, integrated programme of research, service evaluation and needs assessment and consultation.
We focus on the development and evaluation of novel approaches to service delivery, and we investigate innovation in health and social care roles and the ways we deliver education to the health and social care workforce at all levels.
The Centre has expertise in:
- The identification and management of long term conditions and pain
- The use of assistive technology in rehabilitation
- Mental health and learning disability
- The needs of marginalised and under-served groups
- The decision making, judgement and assessment of risk in health and social care practice
- Methods of patient involvement and co-production
- The education and development of health care professionals
- Workforce modelling and new clinical roles
- Hamm J, Money A, Atwal A (2017). Fall Prevention Self-Assessments Via Mobile 3D Visualization Technologies: Community Dwelling Older Adults’ Perceptions of Opportunities and Challenges, JMIR Hum Factors 4(2):e15
- Chaplin, E and McCarthy, J and Underwood, L and Forrester, A and Hayward, H and Sabet, J and Mills, R and Young, S and Asherson, P and Murphy, D. Characteristics of prisoners with intellectual disabilities, Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 61. 1185-1195
- Begum, F, Mutsatsa, S, Gul, N, Thomas, B and Flood, C (2020). Antipsychotic medication side effects knowledge amongst registered mental health nurses in England: A national survey. Journal of psychiatric and mental health nursing. 27 (5), pp. 521-532.
- Kelly, M, Wills, JD and Sykes, SM (2017). Do nurses' personal health behaviours impact on their health promotion practice: a systematic review. International Journal of Nursing Studies. 76, pp. 62-77.
- Mansfield, M., Smith, T., Spahr, Nicolas and Thacker, Mick (2020). Cervical spine radiculopathy epidemiology: A systematic review. Musculoskeletal Care. 18 (4), pp. 555-567.
- Leary A, Cook R, Jones S, et al. Mining routinely collected acute data to reveal non-linear relationships between nurse staffing levels and outcomes, BMJOpen 2016;6:e011177
- Thomas, NM and Baillie, LJ (2017) How does the length of day shift affect patient care on older people's wards? A mixed method study, International Journal of Nursing Studies
- Hull, S, Rajabzadeh, V, Thomas, N, Hoong, S, Dreyer, G, Rainey, H and Ashman, N (2019). Improving coding and primary care management for people with Chronic Kidney Disease: an observational controlled study in east London. British Journal of General Practice.69(684)
- Terry, L (2017) A moral profession, Nursing Ethics
- Whittaker, A, Densley, J, Cheston, L, Tyrell, T, Higgins, M, Felix-Baptiste, C and Havard, T (2019). Reluctant Gangsters Revisited: The Evolution of Gangs from Postcodes to Profits. European Journal on Criminal Policy and Research.
Examples of current projects include:
Guys and St Thomas’ Charity: identification and support individuals with autism and intellectual disabilities through the criminal justice system £675k
Big Lottery Fund: Peer support for people with learning disabilities (£115k)
Burdett Trust for Nursing: The long term effects of COVID-19
Several studies improving care of those with chronic kidney disease to reduce unnecessary out-patient appointments, evaluate the feasibility of home urine testing using smartphone technology (£100k)
Health Education England: Evaluating ‘making every contact count’ £54k
Several studies modelling the health care workforce in cancer ( 155k), the Impact of Advanced Practice into Northern Ireland for the CNO Northern Ireland (£60k), the diabetes specialist workforce in South West London (£30k), the ophthalmic workforce Moorfields/HEE (£80k).
The Centre is led by Professor Jane Wills. There are four research group leads who provide hubs within the School of Health and Social Care for the development of staff in research interests and capability. Through its close links with health and social care, the Centre attracts several visiting clinical researchers.
- Dr Anita Atwal
- Dr Chris Flood
- Prof. Mick Thacker
- Prof. Ben Thomas
- Prof. Paul Fish, Royal National Orthopedic Hospital
- Prof. Faith Gibson, University of Surrey
- Dr. Jane McCarthy, University of Auckland
- Dr Roger Newham, University of Birmingham
- Prof. Nicola Robinson [emeritus]
- Prof. Brian Taylor, Ulster University
- Prof. David Wareing, University College London Hospitals
Collaborations and partnerships
CApRII works with a range of national and international academic partners through multi-centre research projects e.g. the intensive care national audit and research centre (ICNARC), the ASSIST-CKD national kidney project and with organisations, a European Cooperation in Science and Technology (COST) project in maternity care for migrant women and professional bodies and charities
Several staff have honorary posts at international universities, including:
- Prof. Jane Wills at Southeast University, Nanjing, China
- Prof. Alison Leary, University of South-Eastern Norway
- Dr Louise Terry, University of Washington
Local government partners
Dr Susie Sykes leads the Public Health Responsive Studies Team (PHIRST London), a multidisciplinary group across the university that evaluates national public health projects.
- Prof. Nicki Thomas is honorary nurse consultant at Barts Health
- Prof. Suzanne Bench has a joint appointment with Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital
- Dr. Sarah Church, Associate Professor in Midwifery has a joint appointment with Barts Health.
- Prof. Becky Malby runs the Next Generation Health Systems Innovation Lab, a network designed to enable spread of great innovations in health and social care, working with partners in the UK and internationally.
Applied research and impact underpins all our research informed and driven by close partnerships with services.
It has had an impact on:
Policy: Dr Andrew Whittaker’s study on gangs has prompted a local council to invest in drug prevention programmes; Professor Jane Wills’ work on the health of nurses prompted a review of the hydration policies in hospitals;
Service Delivery: Prof. Eddie Chaplin’s work is changing the ways in which the criminal justice system addresses the needs of people with neuro-developmental disorders. Prof. Nicki Thomas’ work on chronic kidney disease has led to the earlier identification of CKD in primary care .
Innovations in health care: Profs. Thomas and Leary and Dr. Flood are evaluating the use of AI to improve service delivery.
New workforces: Prof. Leary and Dr Stewart Lord are reviewing advanced practice in allied health roles.
Our staff are highly recognised in their areas of practice: Professor Alison Leary has been named one of the most influential people in Nursing today and Professor Nicola Thomas has been recognised by the British Renal Society. Professor Suzanne Bench is one of the 70@70 NHS research leaders.
Our staff are highly esteemed in their fields, editing international journals, being members of NICE clinical guideline development groups, being research grant reviewers and several hold joint clinical appointments.
Postgraduate research students
There are currently 36 registered Postgraduate Research students including four funded scholarships.
Dr Suzanne Bench specialises in critical care nursing and her research interests are in the psychological recovery of patients and their families after critical illness.
Neil Brimblecombe is a Professor of Mental Health in the school of Health and Social Care of London South Bank University.
Dr Eddie Chaplin is Professor of Mental Health in Neurodevelopmental Disorders in the Department of Mental Health and Learning Disabilities.
Dr Sarah Church is an experienced midwife, educator and researcher. She is in a joint appointment with LSBU and Barts Health NHS Trust.
Becky is the Professor of Health Systems Innovation. Previously she managed and lead innovation programmes and services in health and social care. Becky is an expert in clinical leadership, systems leadership and user voice.
Dr Moorley is Associate Professor in Nursing Research and Diversity in Care. He is a registered nurse and practises in intensive care.
Dr Adéle Stewart-Lord is an Associate Professor in therapeutic radiography. Her main role as Associate Professor involves the management and delivery of the Continuous Personal and Professional Development (CPPD) agenda
Dr Sugarhood is an occupational therapist and has worked as a clinician, manager and researcher in the UK and Brazil. He is Course Director for the MSc Advancing Practice in Occupational Therapy.
Dr Susie Sykes is an Associate Professor of Public Health and the Director of PHIRST London. She is a member of the Centre for Applied Research in Improvement and Innovation within the Institute of Health and Social care and co-chairs the Population Health and Prevention Research Group. Her main research interests lie in health literacy, community health and public health workforce development.
Dr Louise Terry is Reader in Law and Ethics, and specialises in teaching health and social care law and ethics. She has particular interest in withholding and withdrawing medical treatment, resource allocation, nursing wisdom, public administration and professional practice.
Dr Thomas is a registered general nurse with a clinical background in kidney disease and diabetes. She also has a Doctorate in Professional Practice.
Professor Jane Wills is Professor of Public Health and Health Promotion at LSBU. She was until 2021, the Director of Research and Enterprise responsible for the strategic direction of research for the Centre for Applied Research in Improvement and Innovation. Her research interests lie principally in the areas of health education and communication, behavioural interventions and workforce development.