Water Cluster Conclusions
The icosahedral water cluster is a
highly symmetrical and aesthetically
pleasing structure, but is it important? In this site, I have shown
that there is a sufficient and broad evidential
base for its existence, including the ability to explain all
the 'anomalous' properties of water.
The icosahedral cluster model offers
a structure, not possible with other models such as a random network
model  on which large
molecules can be mapped in order to investigate their interaction
with water within a three-dimensional hydrogen-bonded network, and
offers new insights into the ways biological and non-biological ions and macromolecules interact with each other in aqueous solution. It also offers explanations
concerning some strange dilution effects and the way some organisms produce low-density water to protect
against desiccation 
and high temperatures 
and pressures .
'water is the source of all life'
attributed to Thales of Miletus (634-546
'...we may ask why all trees and
bushes - or at least most of them - unfold a flower in a five-sided
pattern, with five petals.... Some botanist might well examine
the sap of plants to see if any difference there corresponds
to the shapes of their flowers.'
Johannes Keplar (1611) 
'We live in the hope and faith that,
by the advance of molecular physics, we shall by-and-by be able
to see our way as clearly from the constituents of water to
the properties of water, as we are now able to deduce the operations
of a watch from the form of its parts and the manner in which
they are put together.'
H Huxley, On the Physical Basis of Life (1869)
'Water is H2O, hydrogen
two parts, oxygen one, but there is also a third thing, that
makes it water and nobody knows what it is. '
live by the grace of water'
National Geographic Special
Edition, Nov. 1993